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Program outcome of History
The main focus in the history course at the UG level is on the stages the growth of human civilization and the evolution of social system and on cultural and scientific development.
1. Learn a basic narrative of historical events in a specific region of world in a specific time frame.
2. Distinguish between primary and secondary sources.
3. Students should understand the basic tools of historical analysis.
4. Students should understand the value of diversity.
5. Students should understand the basic skills that historians us in research.
6. They should believe in the equality of man irrespective of caste, Creed, religion and colour.
7. Student able to understand difference between the meaning of local history, National history & International History.
Program Specific Outcomes History
History of India & Earliest times to 1200 A.D-
As a history student will learn about the age of paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Harappan and Bronze cultures of ancient India. They can acquire knowledge about the vedic period and the rise of Jainism and Buddhism culture in ancient times of India.
Western World (Mid-15th century to 1870)
The students of history learn about some significant events of modern west such as-Renaissance, Humanism, Reformation, Scientific revolution, Mercantilism, The industrial revolution etc. They will get knowledge from the debates which explain the transition of feudalism to capitalism.
History of India (1200 to 1739 A.D)
In this paper students will about the history of Delhi sultanate is thoroughly described in this section. Students can gather knowledge regarding Mughal period, policy, economy, trade, society and culture become so famous in medieval period.
Main currents of World History from 1871 to 2001 A.D
This paper focus on the great French revolution in 1789, students come to know about the emergence of Napoleon Bonaparte in Europe and his expansion, consolidation, downfall. Vienna Congress, Metternich, Bismarck and his diplomacy, World War 1 & 11 all these important issues are incorporated in this paper.
History of India from 1740 to 1857 A.D
To understanding the mid – eighteenth century this paper is considered as mandatory. Students will gather about expansion and consolidation of British Empire, spread of western education, land revenue settlements.
History of India from 1858 to 1950 A.D
Students will gather knowledge about nationalism, genesis of congress, moderates, extremists, Gandhi and his movements, Subhas Chandra Bose and his INA. Indian Renaissance, Several peasants and tribal movements.

Program specific outcomes
Sociology
Sociology seeks to understand all aspects of human social behavior including the behavior,
institutions and entire so cities sociologists are typically motivated both by the desire to better
understand the principles of social life and by t he conviction that understanding these principles
may aid in the formulation for enlightened and effective social policy.
1- Critical thinking the program seeks to develop in students the sociological knowledge
and skills that will enable them to think critically and imaginatively about society and
social issues.
2- Sociological understanding : the ability to demonstrate sociological understandings of
phenomena for example, how individual biographies are shaped by social structures,
social institutions, cultural practices, and multiple axes of difference and inequality,
3- Written and oral communication the ability to formulate attentive and convincing
written and oral arguments.
4- Better understanding of Real situation the ability to apply sociological concepts and
theories to the real word and ultimately their everyday lives.
Paper I Introduction to Sociology
Course outcomes
1- Define Sociology and demonstrate nature, scope and subject matter of sociology.
2- Acquaint themselves with the basic concepts of sociology like society, community,
association, culture, social change, social stratification etc.
3- Know the basic social institutions like family, marriage, kinship in a scientific way.
Concepts and Perspectives in Sociology
1- Describing Nature, Scope and origin of Sociology.
2- Understand the methods in sociology and contributions of founding fathers of sociology.
3- Elaborating on basic concepts in sociology, social structure, social system.
4- Describing the various Sociology cultural processes and influence of heredity and
environment on personality.
Paper II Indian Society and Culture
1- To elaborate on perspectives on Indian Society.
2- Describing Stratifications System in India including caste and class.
3- Elucidating the problems of Indian Society.
II Year - Paper I Indian Society structure and change
1- Explain Approaches to the study of Indian Society.
2- Elaborate on foundation of Indian social Organization.
3- Describe cast features and theories of origin of caste.
4- Contributions of Indian and European Thinkers.
Paper II Rural, Urban and Tribal Sociology
1- Describe social structure of rural and urban communities.
2- Explain the concept of city / town planning and urban problems.
3- Describe National Tribal and urban and Rural policy in India
4- Contributions of Indian and European Thinkers.
Paper III Research Methodology
1- Understanding sociology as a science, Scientific method, concepts and steps in research
2- Differentiate between the quantitative and Qualitative Research and understand different
types of Research Design.
3- Describing various types of sampling.
4- Elaborate on data processing and Data Analysis
Paper II Sociological theories
1- Explain events and thinkers of pre-Modernity
2- Describe the project of Modernity classical theories and contemporary
3- Present Critiques of post modernism
Economics
Course outcomes
1- Basic concepts of microeconomics such as law of demand and supply and elasticity etc.
2- Learn the real and monetary sides of International economics.
3- Learn the development issues of Indian economics.
4- Students must have basic knowledge of microeconomics.
5- Concepts and methods of National income accounting.
6- Theories of aggregate income and employment.
7- Agricultural economy and Banking system.
8- Statistical methods to be applied in economics.
9- Theoretical concept of public finance.
10- Quantitative skills courses and filed specialization.
11- Public revenue tax and non tax revenue theories of taxation etc.
12- Global and local environmental concerns.
13- Industrial sector.
Political Science
Course outcomes
1- Study of state & central Government parliament, pressure groups.
2- Understanding of law justice.
3- Information of constitution of various nations.
4- Understanding of national and international relation and issues.
5- Enabled as good citizens.
Program outcomes
Graduation(B.Sc.)
1- B.Sc. (Bio) degree offers opportunities to student & it also serves as a basis for higher
studies in the field such as M.Sc., M. Phil, & Ph.D. in subjects such as Botany, Zoology,
Chemistry, Biotechnology, Bio chemistry, Food Science, Bio Medical Science, Genetics,
Molecular biology & virology etc.
2- B.Sc. (Bio) student’s holds opportunities in the field of Pharmaceuticals & chemical
industries public health & environmental protection sectors clinical research waste
management etc.
3- Other opportunities
a- Laboratory technician
b- Taxonomist
c- Civil services like P.S.C. & U.P.S.C.
d- Medical Representatives
e- Forest Department
f- Dairy Industry
g- Botanical Ganders
h- Wild life & Fishery Depts.
i- Pathologist
j- Instructor in AMC (Army Medical core)
k- Solders in Indian Army, Police, & SAF etc.
l- Compounder in Hospitals.
Program specific outcomes
Zoology
• Demonstrated a broad understood of animal diversity, including knowledge of the
scientific classification and evolutionary relationships of major groups of animals.
• Recognized the relationships between structure and functions at different levels of
biological organization (e.g., molecules, cells, organs, organisms, populations, and
species) for the major groups of animals.
• Characterized the biological, chemical, and physical features of environments (e.g.,
terrestrial, freshwater, marine, host) that animals inhabit.
• Explained how animals function and interact with respect to biological, chemical and
physical processes in natural and impacted environments.
• Explained how organisms function at the level of the gene, genome, cell, tissue, organ
and organ-system.
• Drawing upon this knowledge, they are able to give specific examples of the
physiological adaptations, development, reproduction and behavior of different forms of
life.
• Understood the applied biological sciences or economic Zoology such as sericulture,
Apiculture, aquaculture, Industrial microbiology, rDNA technology and medicine for
their career opportunities.
Course outcomes-Zoology
BIODIVERSITY OF INVERTEBRATETo
know the basic concept of biosystematics and procedure in taxonomy.
Identified the taxonomic status of the entire non-chordates up to annelids and discuss the
evolutionary model of the group.
Described the general biology of few selected non-chordates useful to mankind.
Know about some of the important and common protozoans, helminthes of parasitic nature
causing diseases in human beings. Understood the importance of metamerism in annelids.
COURSE OUTCOMES: BIODIVERSITY OF INVERTEBRATEUnderstood
the diversity and classification and functional aspects of different systems of
phylum Arthropoda, Mollusca and Echinodermata.
Described the social life and economic importance of insects.
Understood the physiology of pearl formation and pearl oyster formation.
Described the advanced characteristic features of cephalopod molluscs.
Came to know that the resemblance and evolutionary significance of larval forms of
echinoderms.
COURSE OUTCOMES: LAB - BIODIVERSITY OF INVERTEBRATE- I&II Understood
the anatomy and physiology of invertebrate animals by dissection.
Described the structural study and mounding of organs.
Came to knowing the rules of taxonomy and the principle of animal classification.
Understood the diversity morphology, biological characters and taxonomical importance
some selected museum specimens of different animal groups. Came to know that internal
skeletons and osteology of different bone structures.
COURSE OUTCOMES: BIODIVERSITY OF CHORDATES Identified the taxonomic
status of the entire chordates and discussed the evolutionary model of the group. Imparted
the knowledge on ecology of some important fishes, amphibians reptiles, birds and
mammals. Impart knowledge in comparative anatomy and development systems of
chordates.
Make able to discuss some and very important phenomena in Chordates.
Know about the conservation and management strategies of the chordate fauna.
COURSE OUTCOMES - CELL BIOLOGY AND INSTRUMENTATION
Understood the structure of cells and cell organelles in relation to the functional aspects and
understanding of the working principles and applications of microscopes.
Described the composition of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Understood the structure and functions of chromosome; mitotic and meiotic cell divisions
and their significance
Understood the properties and treatment of cancer cells.
Described the principle and applications of pH meter, centrifuge, chromatography and
electrophoresis.
COURSE OUTCOMES - DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
Understood the process of development of animals.
Understood the process of organogenesis of selected organs, development of extra embryonic
membrane and the nature and physiology of placenta.
Came to know the inducer and inductor role in embryogenesis and knowledge about
metamorphosis and the process of regeneration.
Understood the theories of evolution and highlighted the role of evidences in support of
evolution
Described the evolutionary knowledge through the concepts of coloration and mimicry.
COURSE OUTCOMES LAB - CELL BIOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
Acquired knowledge of principles and working mechanisms of microscopes.
Understood the mechanism of mitosis and meiosis.
Gained slide preparation to observe of Giant chromosome, epithelial and blood cells.
Understood the concept of chromatography and finding Rf values of different compounds.
Preparation, direct observation and appreciation of sperm motility and different stages of
chick embryo development and placentation of animals.
COURSE OUTCOMES - GENETIC AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Understood the theories of classical genetics and blood group inheritance in man.
Described the genetic variation through linkage and crossing over, chromosomal aberrations
and sex determination.
Understood the genetic defects and inborn errors of metabolism and genetic counseling and
role of inbreeding and outbreeding.
Understood the molecular structure of genetic materials and understood the mechanism of
gene expression and regulation character formation.
COURSE OUTCOMES LAB - EVOLUTION, GENETICS AND MOLECULAR
BIOLOGY Obtained the knowledge about direct observation of fossils and evolutionary
important specimen by which evolutionary relationship of animal groups.
Understood the inheritance of mendelian traits by direct observation among students.
Acquired knowledge skill development and observation of blood group identification and
pedigree chart preparations.
Understood of the mechanism of phenotypic expression in Drosophila.
Gained genetic knowledge on the observation of specimens and models.
COURSE OUTCOMES - ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
Understood about the composition of food and mechanism of digestion absorption and
assimilation.
Attained knowledge of respiration and excretion and understood the mechanism of transport
of gages and urine formation.
Described the mechanism of circulation and composition of blood
Knowledge of neuromuscular coordination and the mechanism of osmoregulation in animals
and endocrine system and their function is attained.
Understood the menstrual cycle and the role of contraceptive in population control.
Programme Outcome
B.Sc. (Mathematics)
Enabling students to develop a positive attitude towards mathematics as an interesting and
valuable subject of study.
A student should get a relational understanding of mathematical concepts and concerned
Structures, and should be able to follow the patterns involved, mathematical reasoning.
Ability to analyze a problem, identify and define the computing requirements, which may be
appropriate to its solution.
Introduction to various courses like group theory, ring theory, field theory, metric spaces,
number theory.
Enhancing students’ overall development and to equip them with mathematical modeling
abilities, problem solving skills, creative talent and power of communication necessary for
various kinds of employment.
Ability to pursue advanced studies and research in pure and applied mathematical science.
Programme Specific Outcome of B.Sc. Mathematics
Think in a critical manner.
Know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and
effectively use that information for the issue or problem at hand.
Formulate and develop mathematical arguments in a logical manner.
Acquire good knowledge and understanding in advanced areas of mathematics and statistics,
chosen by the student from the given courses.
Understand, formulate and use quantitative models arising in social science
Programme Name: MSc Mathematics
Programme Outcomes
• Inculcate critical thinking to carry out scientific investigation objectively without being biased
with preconceived notions.
• Equip the student with skills to analyze problems, formulate an hypothesis, evaluate and
validate results, and draw reasonable conclusions thereof.
• Prepare students for pursuing research or careers in industry in mathematical sciences and
allied fields
• Imbibe effective scientific and/or technical communication in both oral and writing.
• Continue to acquire relevant knowledge and skills appropriate to professional activities and
demonstrate highest standards of ethical issues in mathematical sciences.
• Create awareness to become an enlightened citizen with commitment to deliver one’s
responsibilities within the scope of bestowed rights and privileges.
Programme Specific Outcomes
• Understanding of the fundamental axioms in mathematics and capability of developing ideas
based on them.
• Inculcate mathematical reasoning.
• Prepare and motivate students for research studies in mathematics and related fields.
• Provide knowledge of a wide range of mathematical techniques and application of
mathematical methods/tools in other scientific and engineering domains.
• Provide advanced knowledge on topics in pure mathematics, empowering the students to
pursue higher degrees at reputed academic institutions.
• Strong foundation on algebraic topology and representation theory which have strong links and
application in theoretical physics, in particular string theory.
• Good understanding of number theory which can be used in modern online cryptographic technologies. • Nurture problem solving skills, thinking, creativity through assignments, project work. • Assist students in preparing (personal guidance, books) for competitive exams Programme specific outcome: M.Sc. Physics • Understanding the basic concepts of physics particularly concepts in classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and electricity and magnetism to appreciate how diverse phenomena observed in nature follow from a small set of fundamental laws through logical and mathematical reasoning. • Learn to carry out experiments in basic as well as certain advanced areas of physics such as nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, nanoscience, lasers and electronics. • Understand the basic concepts of certain sub fields such as nuclear and high energy physics, atomic and molecular physics, solid state physics, plasma physics, astrophysics, general theory of relativity, nonlinear dynamics and complex system.• Gain hands on experience to work in applied fields. • Gain a through grounding in the subject to be able to teach it at college as well as school lever. • Viewing physics as a training ground for the mind developing a critical attitude and the faculty of logical reasoning that can be applied to diverse fields.
Chemistry
Program specific outcomes
1- To understand the shapes of different barbitals, selling electrons, draw energy diagrams
calculate bond order, mo diagramed.
2- Able to write electronic configuration of given atomic number, calculate bond order,
structure of differed ionic solids.
3- Students will be able to determine the physical principle of chemistry.
4- To understand the core concepts of organic chemistry, nomenclature synthesis isomerism
physical and chemical properties of organic compounds.
5- The students will be able to design and carry out scientific experiments as well as
accurately record and analyze the result of experiments.
6- Students will able to state the principle resemblance of elements with each group.
7- Identify the organic compound with its elements, functional group, properties and synthesis
the derivative of compound.
8- Separation of cation and anion in given mixture by chromatography and qualitative
analysis.
9- Students learn about the gravimetric estimation of compound.
10- Understand the chemical kinetics spectroscopy, photo chemistry.
Post Graduation-Chemistry
Program specific outcomes
• Students will learn about separation and determination of two metal ions.
• Separation of caption and anions by paper chromatography.
• Preparation of selected Inorganic compounds by laboratory synthesis and find the yield
of compound.
Course outcomes
Physical Chemistry
• Students will acquire a good knowledge on the chemical kinetics.
• Students determine the velocity constant strength of strong and weak acids solubility
produced by conductivity meter.
• Determine the strength of strong and weak acids in a given mixture using potentiometer
on Ph mater.
Organic Chemistry
• Students perform separation purification and Identification of compounds of binary
mixture.
• Employ the reactions learned in designing multistep organic synthesis.
• Students perform a laboratory experiment using conventional instrumentation and
techniques and understand the principle.
• Prepare organic compounds using advanced synthetic methodology
Chemistry of natural products
• To explain the basic classification stricture, isolation of compounds
Botany
Program Outcomes
Critical Thinking: Apply the knowledge of biology to make scientific queries and enhance the
comprehension potential.
Effective Communication: Successful transfer of scientific knowledge both orally and in writing.
Social Interaction: Function as an individual, as a member or a leader to perform a task in class
room situation or during field study.
Effective Citizenship:Responsible for learning, develop honesty in work and respect for self and
others. PO5. Ethics: Convey and practice social, environmental and biological ethics.
Environment and Sustainability: Insist the significance of conserving a clean environment for
perpetuation and sustainable development.
Self-directed and Life-long Learning: study incessantly by self to cope with growing competition
for higher studies and employment.
Programm Specific Outcomes: BOTANY
Educate students in and around Tiruchirappalli, a prime area of Cauvery Delta, about plant
science.
Inculcate strong fundamentals on modern and classical aspects of Botany.
Build life skills in Edible mushroom cultivation, Biofertilizer production, Greenhouse
maintenance and Seed technology through value-added courses.
Create platform for higher studies in Botany.
Facilitate students to take-up successful career in Botany.
Course outcomes-Post Graduation (Botany)
Plant Diversity
1. To impart knowledge about general characters, classification, reproduction methods and life
cycles.
2. To get knowledge in structure, reproduction and life cycle in the mentioned syllabus.
3. The students will be able to know about habit, classification, nutrition and mycorrhizae.
4. The students will enable to know the salient features structure, reproduction, life cycle and
economic importance of fungi.
5. Students receive knowledge about general characters, structure and economic importance of
bryophytes.
6. Students Gain adequate knowledge on general characters, classification and economic
importance of Pteridophytes.
7. To study and impart knowledge about the morphology and anatomy of Pteridophytes.
8. Students have a good overview of general characters, morphology, reproductive organs,
classification and economic importance of Gymnosperms.
9. Students will be conversant with general characters, morphology and anatomy of Cycas,
Pinus, Podocarpus, Araucaria, Ephedra and Gnetum.
10. Student gets knowledge in the methods of fossil and fossilization.
Microbiology, Plant Pathology and Immunology
1. Understand the fundamentals of microscopy, staining technique, classification and control of
microbes.
2. Acquire knowledge of external, internal and cultural characters of bacteria.
3. Understand the mechanism of host parasite interaction.
4. Identify the causative agent, symptoms and control measures of plant disease.
5. Acquire the knowledge on defense mechanism, hypersensitivity and auto immunity
Cell and Molecular Biology
1. The course paper focuses on the intricate biological processes dealing with cell biology, cell
organelles, cell cycle, cell division, gene expression and their regulation.
2. It brings fundamental concepts as well as recent developments of cell structure, ultrastructure
of organelles, cellular activities, physiology and genetic control mechanisms which are basic to
understand cellular phenomena.
3. Students will be able to understand the cell structure, organelles, transport of macromicro
molecules and related biochemistry in detail.
4. Students able to understand the activities of organisms at sub cellular level.
5. Students will learn the tools and techniques employed in the study of cell.
Plant Anatomy and Embryology
1. To gain knowledge of plant cells, tissues and their functions.
2. The students will enable to know the internal structure of stem, leaf and root in monocot and
dicot.
3. Students familiarize in secondary growth, anomalous secondary growth in monocot and dicot
stems.
4. Student able to understand the process of microsporogenesis, megasporogenesis and double
fertilization.
5. Students able to understand endosperm and its types and know the structure and development
of monocot and dicot embryos.
Genetics, Evolution and Plant Breeding
1. Understand the fundamentals of Mendal’s Principle, sex linkage, crossing over and sex
influenced characters.
2. Acquire the knowledge on gene and it's transfer mechanisms and also know the concept of
mutation and it's effects.
3. Understand the origin of basic biological molecules and evolution. Interpret the evolution of
prokaryotes and origin of eukaryotic cells.
4. Understand the importance and need of crop improvement.
5. Understand the role of mutation in plant breeding and also acquire the knowledge of
development of disease resistant variety along with non conventional methods for high yielding
variety.
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Program Specific Outcomes
Industrial Microbiology
✓ Acquire knowledge on fundamentals of
Microbiology
✓ Understand details of bacterial, fungal, algal and viral morphology and physiology.
✓ Competently be able to cultivate and characterize bacterial and fungal forms.
✓ Grasp the fundamental concepts of immunity and the contribution of organs and cells
in the development of immune response.
✓ Gain insight into the various aspects of microbial genetics.
✓ Be proficient on cloning vectors and rDNA technology
✓ Assimilate technical skills on microbial genetics and molecular biology.
✓ Realize the application oriented aspects of Microbiology.
✓ Understand the concepts and development of microbial diseases in animals & plants.
✓ Realize the principles of prevention and treatment of microbial diseases.
Course Outcome- Industrial Microbiology
General Microbiology (Theory)
Course Outcome:
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
• Gain knowledge on various classes of microorganisms; their structureextracellular
and intracellular components, cultural characteristics and their
growth conditions.
• Know about the different parts and working mechanisms of basic light
microscope up to electron microscopes with deep knowledge on the sample
preparation and staining techniques.
• Acquire knowledge on sterilization techniques with adequate information on
sterile, aseptic conditions.
• Know about different classes of antibiotics and their mode of actions, treatment
strategies and detection of resistant forms of bacteria from clinical settings.
• Microbial culture media and pure culture techniques for aerobic and anaerobic
cultivation methods for bacteria.
Basic Techniques in Microbiology (Practical)
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Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
▪ Perform cleaning & sterilization of glasswares
▪ Competently prepare and cultivate bacteria in different types of media.
▪ Gain knowledge on filter sterilization techniques
▪ Know how to grow algae in the lab
▪ Competently able to identify sensitivity and resistance of bacteria
• Cleaning of Glassware.
• Sterilization of Glassware.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Basal Media – Nutrient Broth.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Basal Media – Peptone Water.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Basal Media – Nutrient Agar.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Differential Media – MacConkey Agar.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Selective Media – Cetrimide Agar.
• Preparation and growth of Bacteria in Carbohydrate Fermentation Media.
• Filter sterilization of Serum.
• Cultivation of Algae.
• Identification of Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas, Anabaena and Nostoc.
• Antibiotic sensitivity test – Kirby Bauer Method.
Microbial Anatomy, Physiology and Taxonomy (Theory)
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
• Know about all important aspects of taxonomy from species to kingdoms.
• Grasp the basics of various characteristics used in the classification of bacteria.
• Know in detail the characteristic features of seven divisions in algal classification
• Gain insights into the important characters for classification of animal viruses.
• Accumulate the features of protozoan divisions.
• Assimilate the characters of all five divisions of fungi.
• Understanding the general characters of all aalgae.
• Basic knowledge about fungal forms.
• Know about the structure of viruses.
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• Know the basics of various metabolic activities in bacteria.
Microbial cytology and Physiology (Practical)
Course Objective: The candidate will gain hands-on knowledge and acquire adequate skill
required to stain observe and identify the structure, shape and arrangement of bacteria in
samples. Categorization of organisms based on their growth characteristics and outcome of
growth will be documented.
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
▪ Understand the concept of different staining methods
▪ Know how to study different morphological forms of microbes
▪ Gain insights into identification methods of bacteria based on
biochemical properties
• Simple staining of Bacteria. Gram’s staining.
• Acid-Fast staining.
• Staining for Metachromatic granules.
• Observation of various Microorganisms in Hay Infusion Broth.
• Catalase Test. Oxidase Test.
• OF Test.
• Test for H2S Production.
• Nitrate Reduction Test.
• IMViC Test.
• Test for production of Amylase.
• Test for production of Protease.
• Micrometry.
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Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology (Theory)
Course Objectives: The candidate will gain knowledge about the structure, shape and
significance of DNA, RNA. Synthesis of RNA and proteins along with its control. Role of
genes as basic units of expression.
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
▪ Understand the flow of information from DNA to Protein.
▪ Know in detail the structure of DNA & RNA as well as their physical &
chemical properties.
▪ Gain insights into the various processes involved in the replication of DNA.
▪ Grasp the replication of single-stranded DNA molecules and the various features
of retrovirus replication.
▪ Assimilate knowledge regarding various natural and artificial means by
which DNA may be altered and the repair mechanisms in the eventuality of
damage.
▪ Study the various aspects of integration of extraneous DNA into host chromosome.
▪ Get a complete understanding of the process of formation of RNA from
DNA in both prokaryotes & eukaryotes.
▪ Appreciate the various cellular mechanisms involved in the control of transcription.
▪ Firm grasp of the process of protein synthesis with post-synthetic modifications.
▪ Basic understanding of control methods for gene expression.
▪ Understanding the language for communication in cells.
▪ Basic knowledge about gene transfer mechanisms prevalent in bacteria.
▪ Rudimentary knowledge about plasmids and transposons especially as
cloning vectors.
▪ Molecular basis of heritable changes in cells along with insights
about evolutionary methods to overcome change.
▪ Firm grasp of E.coli gene mapping methods as well as those of yeast
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Microbial Genetics
Course Objectives: The candidate will gain hands-on knowledge and acquire adequate skill
required to separate and observe chromosomal DNA, RNA, amino acids, lipids as well as
estimate nucleic acids.
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
▪ Understand the concept of plasmid isolation and characterization
▪ Know how to purify bacterial chromosomal DNA
▪ Gain knowledge on methods of DNA & RNA estimation
▪ Acquire technical knowledge on paper & thin layer chromatography
• Isolation of plasmid DNA and its demonstration by agarose gel electrophoresis.
• Isolation of bacterial chromosomal DNA and demonstration.
• Estimation of DNA by chemical method.
• Estimation of DNA by spectroscopy.
• Estimation of RNA by chemical method.
• Separation of amino acids by paper chromatography.
• Separation of lipids by TLC.
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Immunology (Theory)
Course Objectives: The candidate will gain knowledge about immunity, organs of immunity
and cells involved. Types of antigens and immunoglobulins. Antigen- antibody reactions and
assays. MHC and its significance.
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
▪ Understand the fundamental concepts of immunity, contributions of the organs
and cells in immune responses.
▪ Understand the antigens & their characters
▪ Understand the different types antibodies & their properties
▪ Understand the mechanisms involved in antigen-antibody reactions
▪ Differentiate the humoral and cell mediated immune mechanisms
▪ Comprehend the overreaction by our immune system leading to
hypersensitive conditions and its consequences
▪ Know how MHC functions in the immune system
▪ Gain knowledge on vaccines, toxoids and immunotherapy
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Immunology (Practical)
Course Objectives: The candidate will gain hands-on knowledge and acquire adequate skill
required to identify lymphocytes, various agglutination and precipitation reactions. Perform
and interpret ELISA tests and Immunoelectrophoresis as well as purify immunoglobulins.
Course Outcome
The students will be able to
▪ Identify various immune cells and enumerate them
▪ Competently perform serological diagnostic tests such as RF, ASO, CRP.
▪ Identify blood groups and types
▪ Diagnose syphilis by performing TPHA test
▪ Analyze and quantify the antigens / Abs by performing
immunoelectrophoresis, chromatography techniques
▪ Understanding the concept of ELISA
• Identification of various immune cells by morphology.
• Latex Agglutination reactions- RF, ASO, CRP.
• Heamagglutination Reactions- Blood Grouping, Rh Typing, TPHA.
• Precipitation reactions in gels – SRID, ODD.
• Immunoelectrophoresis and staining of precipitation lines.
• ELISA for HBs antigen detection.
• Preparation of lymphocytes from peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation.
• Purification of immunoglobulin - Ammonium sulphate precipitation.
• Separation of IgG by chromatography.
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Agriculture Microbiology
Course Objectives: The candidate will gain knowledge about the role of
microbes in soil, especially, rhizosphere, phyllosphere. Nutrient cycling with
emphasis on role of various groups of microorganisms at different stages of
various cycles. Nitrogen fixation - Biofertilisers, biopecticides and plant
pathology.
Course Outcome
At the end of the course, learners will be able to:
• Gain knowledge about the role and importance of soil microbes.
• Learn about the impact of the soil microbes for plants growth.
• Acquire knowledge on the symbiotic, free living association of nitrogen
fixation.
• Learn importance and the need of nitrogen fixation
process by microbes.
• Become skilled in mass production and applications of
biofertilizer
• Gain knowledge of bacterial, fungal and viral
biopesticides.
• Attain knowledge in plants and microbial interactions
• Learn the disease management in crops.
• Achieve information and importance of biogeochemical cycles in
environment.
• Understand the sources of different types of micro-organisms that are
related to pharmaceutical operations and GMPs regulations
• Learn the various types of disinfectant and policy in pharmaceutical
industry.
• Understand the pharmacopoeia standards of sterilization process.
• Learn the role of beta lactam antibiotics and non beta
lactam antibiotics in pharmaceutical industry.
• Understand the vaccines and Production of pharmaceuticals by microbes.
Programme outcomes- B. Sc. Physics ✓ Demonstrate a rigorous understanding of the core theories & principles of physics, which includes mechanics, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, & quantum mechanics. ✓ Learn the Concepts as Quantum Mechanics, Relativity, introduced at degree level in order to understand nature at atomic levels. ✓ Provide knowledge about material properties and its application for developing technology to ease the problems related to the society. ✓ Understand the set of physical laws, describing the motion of bodies, under the influence of system of forces. ✓ Understand the relationship between particles & atom, as well as their creation & decay. ✓ Relate the structure of atoms & subatomic particles ✓ Understand physical properties of molecule the chemical bonds between atom as well as molecular dynamics. ✓ Analyze the applications of mathematics to the problems in physics & develop suitable mathematical method for such application & for formulation of physical theories. ✓ Learn the structure of solid materials & their different physical properties along with metallurgy, ✓ cryogenics, electronics, & material science. ✓ Understand the fundamental theory of nature at small scale & levels of atom & sub-atomic particles.